HIV Management in Primary Care: Foundations Course
PROGRAM DESCRIPTION The CDC estimates that 1,107,700 persons aged 13 years and older are living with HIV infection, including 166,000 (15%) who are unaware of their infection.1-3 Over the past ...
The CDC estimates that 1,107,700 persons aged 13 years and older are living with HIV infection, including 166,000 (15%) who are unaware of their infection.1-3 Over the past decade, the number of people living with HIV has increased, while the annual number of new HIV infections has remained relatively stable. However, gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM), particularly young black/African American MSM, are most seriously affected by HIV. By race, blacks/African Americans face the most severe burden of HIV. According to the CDC, during a lifetime, risk of HIV infection overall is 1 in 99, for Black MSM is 1 in 2, and for Latino MSM is 1 in 4. Current guidelines recommend screening all patients aged 15 to 65 for HIV. And it is now recommended that all patients with HIV receive antiretroviral therapy. In this activity you will learn how to how to effectively screen patients for HIV, manage initial considerations in HIV therapy, and gain a better understanding of the recommended guidelines for treating and managing HIV-infected patients.Module 1 of HealthHIV’s HIV Primary Care Training and Certificate Program is designed to provide primary care providers and staff with an understanding of the epidemiology and natural history of HIV infection and the personal and public benefits of early treatment. Because HIV testing is the gateway to care, current recommendations for HIV testing will be discussed. This module is designed to be a foundation for the subsequent modules. _____________________________________References1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Surveillance Report, 2015; vol. 27. http://www.cdc.gov/hiv.... Published November 2016. Accessed 1/17/18.2. CDC. Lifetime Risk of HIV Diagnosis. http://www.cdc.gov/nch.... Accessed 1/17/18.3. CDC. 2016 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections.http://www..... Accessed 1/17/18.
After completing this activity, the participant will demonstrate the ability to:Describe HIV surveillance data and the implications for individual and public healthDiscuss the natural history of HIV disease and the implications for individual and public healthExplain the differences between risk-based and "opt-out" HIV screening and summarize the current recommendationsUtilize the most appropriate HIV test in different clinical settingsSummarize methods to reduce HIV transmission
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